Eczema, often known as dermatitis, is a non-contagious skin irritation that causes rashes-like, red, itchy patches of skin. These appear on the face, scalp, wrists, hands, elbow crease, back of the knees, and occasionally other body parts. Scratching the eczema-affected areas might cause it to spread or get worse. Additionally, repeated scratching or rubbing can result in chronic eczema, characterized by persistent itching and dark, thickened, scaly red spots on the skin.
A food allergy or hypersensitivity to another common chemical that doesn’t bother most individuals characterizes atopic dermatitis. Eczema comes in various forms, some categorized by causes and others by particular symptoms. It typically affects those with a family history of hay fever, asthma, or eczema and is genetically connected to these conditions.
Seborrheic dermatitis is characterized by flakes and scaling on the face and scalp, whereas contact dermatitis results in an acute local rash when a person sensitive to it comes into contact with an irritant (say, the nickel in jewelry or the oil on a poison ivy leaf). Stasis dermatitis, a different type of itchy skin, affects the lower legs and ankles and is linked to inadequate blood flow in those regions.
Dry, rough, scaly, or cracked skin patches are itchy, red, and rash-like. Little red blisters that resemble acne fluid leakage (or “weeping”), crusting and flaking in the afflicted areas peeling and chafing, chronic incidences of thick, dry patches of skin, inflammation, edema, and itching in the lower legs and ankles (stasis dermatitis).
What Brings On Eczema?
Eczema frequently results from allergies. Most susceptible people have a personal or family history of allergic reactions to certain foods, pollens, animal fur, or other substances. Their bodies frequently contain above-normal levels of histamine, a substance that causes an allergic defensive reaction in the skin when it is released, and many people with eczema also have (or eventually acquire) hay fever or asthma.
Foods including milk, eggs, seafood, almonds, wheat, strawberries, and chocolate might cause the symptoms of eczema.
Contact with a variety of substances, such as animal fur, plant allergens like poison ivy and poison sumac, jewelry made of metals like chrome and nickel, especially watchbands, rings, and earrings, cosmetics (like nail polish), fragrances, deodorants, and antiperspirants, shaving creams, skin creams, various fabrics (especially wool and silk), dyes, latex and rubber, leathers, and household cleaning products (like dishwashing liquid), can also make them worse.
Dry air, too much sun, stress, topical therapies, some medicines, like penicillin, hot baths, and contact with dust, pollen, and animal dander are other causes of eczema flare-ups.
Prevention and Treatment
It is vital to avoid scratching as this can aggravate the itchy, painful skin of eczema. However, soothing lotions and ointments can assist. Numerous dietary supplements might also offer comfort.
The Benefits of Supplements
Many eczema patients have to test several before finding one (or a suitable combination of supplements) that works well for them because people respond differently to supplements.
Essential fatty acids in evening primrose oil (in capsules, soft gels, or liquid) can rehydrate the skin and reduce irritation and inflammation. According to studies, taking evening primrose oil in the correct daily amounts can lessen the need for creams. Black currant and borage seed oils are less-priced alternatives to evening primrose oil.
Equal levels of omega-3 and omega-6 essential fatty acids are present in flaxseed oil, which is beneficial for treating eczema and other chronic allergic conditions.
A double-blind study discovered that fish oils could treat persistent eczema. They appear to function by lowering the body’s production of leukotriene B-4, a chemical linked to eczema inflammation. The ideal way to get fish oils is to eat cold-water fish frequently, but if you’re not a fan, you can also take fish oil capsules.
Flavonoids, antioxidants that reduce allergic reactions in the body, are abundant in grape seed extract. Eczema flare-ups involving itchy skin can be lessened and avoided with grape seed extract.
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